5 min read

A Guide to Clinical Note Writing

Published on
February 11, 2024
David D


As a healthcare professional, the ability to write accurate and comprehensive clinical notes is an essential skill that can greatly impact patient care. Clinical notes serve as a crucial communication tool between healthcare providers, ensuring that important information about a patient's condition, treatment, and progress is documented and easily accessible. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the components of a clinical note, provide best practices for writing effective notes, and offer tips to improve your clinical note writing skills.

SOAP vs Chief Complaint Notes

When it comes to clinical note writing, two common formats are SOAP (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan) notes and Chief Complaint notes.

SOAP notes are structured and provide a systematic approach to documenting patient encounters: 

Subjective - Patient symptoms and History

Objective - Objective findings such as vitals & test results

Assessment - Synthesise the subjective and objective evidence to arrive at a diagnosis or list of possible diagnoses

Plans - Outlines the next steps and treatment plan for the patient

On the other hand, Chief Complaint notes focus primarily on the patient's main reason for seeking medical attention.

Both formats have their advantages, and the choice between them depends on the specific needs of the healthcare setting. SOAP notes are more comprehensive and provide a detailed overview of the patient's condition, while Chief Complaint notes are concise and ideal for situations where time is limited. It is important to understand the requirements of your practice or organisation and use the appropriate format accordingly.

Best Practices for Clinical Note Writing

To ensure accurate and effective clinical note writing, it is essential to follow some best practices.

  1. Maintain a patient-centred approach by documenting the patient's subjective experiences and concerns. This helps in creating a holistic view of their healthcare journey
  2. Use clear and concise language to convey information. Avoid medical jargon and write in a way that is easily understandable for other healthcare professionals and patients.
  3. Organise your notes in a logical and chronological manner. Start with the most recent information and progress backward to ensure a clear timeline of events.
  4. Be objective in your documentation, avoiding personal biases or assumptions. Stick to the facts and support your assessments with evidence-based information.

Common Mistakes to Avoid in Clinical Note Writing

While clinical note writing is an essential skill, there are common mistakes that healthcare professionals should be mindful of. One such mistake is the use of vague or ambiguous language. It is crucial to be specific and precise when documenting information. Avoid general terms like "normal" or "abnormal" and provide clear details to support your assessments.

Another common mistake is the omission of critical information. Ensure that your notes cover all relevant aspects of the patient's condition, including symptoms, medical history, medications, and any changes in the treatment plan. Additionally, be cautious of grammar and spelling errors, as they can impact the clarity and credibility of your notes. Proofread your documentation before finalising it to avoid such errors.

Tips for Improving Clinical Note Writing Skills

Improving your clinical note writing skills requires practice and dedication. One effective tip is to enhance your active listening skills. Pay close attention to the patient's concerns, ask clarifying questions, and document their responses accurately. This will help in capturing the relevant details and providing comprehensive care.

Additionally, stay updated with the latest medical terminology and guidelines. Familiarise yourself with common abbreviations and acronyms used in your specialty area. This will streamline your documentation process and make it easier for other healthcare professionals to understand your notes. Moreover, seek feedback from your peers or supervisors to identify areas for improvement and learn from their expertise.

Documentation Requirements in Medicine

In the field of medicine, accurate and comprehensive documentation is vital. It ensures continuity of care, facilitates effective communication among healthcare professionals, and serves as a legal record. Different healthcare settings and regulatory bodies may have specific documentation requirements that healthcare professionals must adhere to.

See here for more information.

These requirements may include capturing the patient's demographic information, medical history, current medications, allergies, vital signs, physical examination findings, diagnostic test results, treatment plans, and follow-up instructions. It is essential to be aware of these requirements and incorporate them into your clinical note writing practices.

Tools and Resources for Clinical Note Writing

In the digital age, numerous tools and resources are available to assist healthcare professionals in clinical note writing. Electronic health record (EHR) systems offer templates and prompts to guide the documentation process. They also provide features like voice-to-text conversion, making it easier to capture information accurately and efficiently.

Additionally, there are specialised softwares that can be utilised to automate the whole process, one such tool is Lyrebird Health, which accurately converts your consultation into a clinical note, and instantly produces referral letters or any documents you request, saving you time and reducing the risk of errors. By leveraging these tools and resources, you can streamline your clinical note writing process and enhance the quality of your documentation.


Mastering the art of clinical note writing is a fundamental skill for healthcare professionals. By following best practices, avoiding common mistakes, and continuously improving your skills, you can ensure accurate and effective documentation. Remember to stay patient-centred, use clear language, and organise your notes logically. Adhere to the documentation requirements of your practice or organisation and leverage the available tools and resources to optimise your clinical note writing process. With dedication and practice, you can become a proficient clinical note writer, contributing to the provision of high-quality patient care.